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Scientists Successfully 'Warp' Time In The Lab, Based On Einstein's Theory


Physicists were recently able to "warp" time at the smallest scale ever. According to physicist Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity, time can be warped in the proximity of strong gravitational fields/high speeds. When this occurs, then its known as time dilation.


Clocks also work differently in different environments - counting on gravity. Now, researchers at JILA were able to measure time dilation at the smallest scale ever with help from the most accurate clocks on the planet.



Marrying time with space


JILA is a joint operation between the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Colorado Boulder. With this experiment, they've open gateways of developing clocks that are about 50 times more accurate than the ones available today, Vice reported.


The study published in Nature on Wednesday claims that the achievement could help unlock various physical mysteries of the universe, including the "union of general relativity and quantum mechanics."


The goal of these scientists is to conceptually marry time with space, implying that both are intertwined with each other and are relative to each other's effects. Over the last few years, JILA scientists have been trying to pioneer time accuracy through atomic clocks - considered the most accurate ways to measure time, with the capability to lose only one second over 15 billion years.


With atomic clocks becoming more accurate, scientists could look at waves of atoms at "the curvature of spacetime, where the classical and quantum worlds clash." The group of scientists at JILA have managed to measure time dilation at a distance of just a millimeter. This small-scale achievement could help scientists understand the effects of time dilation over longer distances.


On top of this, they were able to keep the atoms in a state of "quantum coherence" for 37 seconds, wherein their behavior becomes predictable. What do you think about this small yet giant leap in conquering timespace? Let us know in the comments below.  


References:


Ferreira, B. (2022, February 16). Scientists Make Breakthrough in Warping Time at Smallest Scale Ever. Vice

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