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Physicists: We Are On The Verge Of Discovering Fifth Dimension And It Will Change Everything We Know About Physics


Scientists are occasionally asked if they perform brand-new lab experiments or keep repeating older ones with proven results. While most scientists focus on the former, progress in science also depends on doing the latter and determining whether what we believe to be true holds up in the face of new information.


When researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) scrutinized the structure and characteristics of the much-studied silicon in new tests, the findings revealed light on a probable location for discovering the ‘fifth force.’ According to a news release, this may help us enhance our knowledge of how nature works.


Simply said, all we need to make sense of the world are three dimensions of space, namely north-south, east-west, and up-down, and one dimension of time, namely past-future. However, mass warps the dimensions of space-time, as Albert Einstein proposed in his theory of gravity.


Apart from gravity, the only known electromagnetic force in the 1920s, Oskar Klein and Theodor Kaluza suggested the five-dimensional hypothesis to explain the forces of nature, according to the BBC’s Science Focus.


However, the discovery of strong and weak nuclear forces propelled Klein and Kaluza’s concept, which was combined with electromagnetic forces to form the Standard Model, which explains most but not all phenomena in nature.


As physicists turn to the String Theory to explain why gravity is so weak, the notion of a vast fifth dimension resurfaces, which may also explain the presence of dark matter.


In order to better comprehend the crystalline structure of silicon, NIST researchers bombarded it with neutrons and measured the intensity, angles, and intensities of these particles to derive conclusions about the structure.


As neutrons move through the crystalline structure, they generate standing waves in between and on top of atom rows or sheets. When these waves collide, they generate subtle patterns known as pendell√∂sung oscillations, giving information about the neutrons’ forces that the neutrons encounter within the structure.


Each force is mediated by carrier particles, the range of which is inversely proportional to their mass.


As a result, a particle with no mass, such as a photon, has an infinite range, and vice versa. By limiting the range across which a force may operate, one can also restrict its power. Recent tests were able to restrict the strength of the hypothetical fifth force on a length scale ranging from 0.02 to 10 nanometers, offering a range in which to search for the fifth dimension in which this force works.


Further research in this area could soon lead to the discovery of the fifth dimension, and for the first time in schools, physics professors, like students, would have to wrap their brains around an abstract idea.


Reference:

Benjamin Heacock, Takuhiro Fujiie, Robert W. Haun, Albert Henins, Katsuya Hirota, Takuya Hosobata, Michael G. Huber, Masaaki Kitaguchi, Dmitry A. Pushin, Hirohiko Shimizu, Masahiro Takeda, Robert Valdillez, Yutaka Yamagata, and Albert Young. Pendell√∂sung Interferometry Probes the Neutron Charge Radius, Lattice Dynamics, and Fifth Forces. Science. Published online September 9, 2021. 

DOI: 10.1126/science.abc2794

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