There is an entire world hidden beneath our feet. And scientists can finally see it

Scientists have found an object hidden under the ground using quantum technology, in a major breakthrough.

Researchers say the milestone could represent a “profound” change in the way we work and understand the ground beneath us.

Even though it is just a few feet away, the world beneath our feet remains largely mysterious and difficult to explore.

Now scientists have been able to overcome that difficulty using a quantum gravity gradiometer, developed by University of Birmingham scientists as part of a UK Ministry of Defense contract. It is the first ever time that such a technology has been used outside of a lab.

“This is an ‘Edison moment’ in sensing that will transform society, human understanding and economies,” said Kai Bongs, head of cold atom physics at the University of Birmingham and principal investigator of the UK Quantum Technology Hub in Sensors and Timing.

“With this breakthrough we have the potential to end reliance on poor records and luck as we explore, build and repair. In addition, an underground map of what is currently invisible is now a significant step closer, ending a situation where we know more about Antarctica than what lies a few feet below our streets.”

The sensor works by measuring the small changes in the strength of gravitational fields that happen when a cloud of atoms is dropped. The bigger the object is, and the more its density is different from that which surrounds it, the bigger that change in strength.

Using the new technology, scientists hope to better understand all of the material that is currently hidden beneath our feet. That would include finding natural resources or built structures, better predicting natural events such as volcanic eruptions, and searching for answers to archaeological mysteries without having to dig up the Earth.

At the moment, scientists use traditional gravity sensors to try and answer some of those questions. But they are limited by a range of problems in the environment, including vibration that means they can’t be used for a long time.

Scientists hope that better technology could allow such surveys to be faster, more detailed and cost less. They claim that the new quantum technology could help address those problems, overcoming issues such as the difficulties caused by vibration.

Surveys could happen 10 times as quickly, and at a lower cost, but still produce more reliable data, the researchers say.

The successful detection of that first object is reported in an article, titled ‘Quantum sensing for gravity cartography’, published in Nature.

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